Submitted by: Stephanie Royko
Willoughby Eastlake North High School
Title of Lesson: DeChirico Inspired Perspective lesson
Grade level / Age: High School, Grades 9-12
Goals / Objectives:
The students will be able to discuss the artist George de Chirico.
The students will be able to draw using correct 1 point perspective.
The students will be able to apply marker techniques to help create the sense of depth in a perspective drawing.
The students will be able to apply a warm or cool color palette using chalk pastels to achieve value and blend colors.
Sharpie Fine Point Markers, multiple thicknesses
Reference images of trains and architecture
Each student will be creating a de Chirico-inspired perspective piece using their learned 1 pt. perspective skills. Prior to beginning the final project students will be required to complete a 1 pt. Perspective Shapes Worksheet and will be introduced to the artwork of George de Chirico to use as their inspiration.
Step 1: The class will review a PPT on 1 Pt Perspective basics. (How-to, vocabulary, materials, etc.) The students complete a graphic organizer during the presentation.
Step 2: Students will complete a 1 Pt Perspective Shapes Practice Worksheet. I also have the students create a light source and apply value to their shapes as a review and we discuss perspective shading.
Step 3: The class will be introduced to the artwork of George de Chirico
About de Chirico
Elements within his work
1 pt or 2 pt?
Review: How to create Dominance
How to create mood through color palette
Objects often seen in de Chirico's work such as archways, architectural facades, piazzas, fountains, locomotives.
Step 4: Final "de Chirico" Project Introduced
1. Students will begin by completing the thumbnail worksheet. I provide students architecture packets as reference for inspiration. These include different types of buildings, columns, windows, doors, etc.
Mandatories for the final perspective drawing:
*** MUST INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING:
Correct 1pt Perspective(or 2 pt for advanced students#
Object of students choice- deChirico often included random objects to help develop non sequitur. Students are asked to do the same.
Step 5: Apply Marker Outline
Discuss foreground, middle ground and background
Varying line widths to create depth and illusion of perspective.
Step 6: Introduction to Chalk Pastels and practice exercise
How to create value
Gradually build value/color
Step 7: Students apply pastels to final de Chirico Drawings
Students use either an all warm or all cool palette, based on their selected pastel paper color. #cool = cool, warm = warm)
Students apply a full range of value and blend colors.
Step 8: Critique and Evaluation
Project Submission and Completion
See attached Rubric.
National Visual Arts Standards Covered): Grade 9-12 Visual Arts Standard 1
Understanding and applying media, techniques, and processes
Grade 9-12 Visual Arts Standard 5
Reflecting upon and assessing the characteristics and merits of their work and the work of others.
The Art of Perspective: The Ultimate Guide for Artists in Every Medium - The Art of Perspective offers simple but powerful techniques for achieving a convincing illusion of depth and distance, whether it's a few inches in a still life or miles in a landscape.
Perspective Made Easy - In twenty chapters, from simple to complex, the author explains the basics and not-so-basics of perspective drawing. He includes suggestions on how to make your drawings a lot simpler, drawing methods for observation and space division, and a "Problems" section with exercises that will help you apply what you just learned.
Perspective Without Pain - Imagine perspective without pain... no T-squares, complicated equations or mechanical terms... just simple instructions and hands-on exercises to teach you how to create a sense of depth in your drawings and paintings. Here Phil Metzger give you clear-cut guidelines in everyday terms--with a lot of friendliness and a little humor tossed in along the way.
Perspective for Artists - Enjoyable, profusely illustrated guide covers depth, perspective of sky and sea, shadows, and many more topics not usually covered. 391 diagrams, 81 reproductions of drawings and paintings.
Other Perspective Lessons on IAD
Perspective Drawing - This middle school lesson page has several lessons on perspective.
Illusion of Depth - This elementary lesson focuses on making things look near and far.
When the Giant Came to Town - This fun elementary lesson uses fantasy to make perspective interesting.
Painting Perspective Tempera - This middle school lesson uses paint in perspective.
How to Draw a House in Two Point Perspective - This PDF document is a great handout when teaching perspective.
Linear Perspective - This middle school lesson is an introduction to one point perspective.